Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy

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Entering the territory of Poland

Citizens of the EU or EFTA Member States may enter the territory of Poland on the basis of a valid travel document or any other document which confirms their identity and nationality. Family members of EU or EFTA Member State citizen, who are not citizens of the respective EU or EFTA Member State, may enter the territory of Poland on the basis of a valid travel document and a visa, if required. Visa applications should be submitted to the Consul of the Republic of Poland or the chief head of a Border Guard Post.

Deemed as family members of EU or EFTA Member State citizens are:

  • their spouses,
  • their or their spouse's direct "descendants" (descendants in direct line: children) aged up to 21 years or being dependants of the citizen or his/her spouse,
  • their or their spouse's direct "ascendants" (ancestors in direct line: father, mother) being dependants of the citizen or his/her spouse.

EU or EFTA Member State citizens or their family members who are not citizens of the EU may be refused entry into the territory of Poland if:

  • they feature on the list of foreigners who are not desired to stay in the territory of Poland,
  • their stay may pose a threat to the defence or security of the state or to the protection of the security and public order and to public health,
  • they do not have a document which gives the right to enter the territory of Poland, unless they prove in a different way which does not raise any doubts that they are entitled to benefit from the free movement of persons.

 

Registration

EU or EFTA Member States citizens and their family members who are not citizens of these states are obliged to register in the place of their permanent or temporary residence longer than 3 months not later than within 30 days from the arrival to the place. Registration is for record purposes only and is aimed at confirming residence of a person in the place in which he/she has registered. Citizens may register for permanent or temporary residence longer 3 months in writing, by means of an appropriate form in the commune body competent for the location of the real estate the persons resides in, by presenting a valid travel document or another document confirming his/her identity, and family members of EU citizens are obliged to present, apart from a valid travel document, a valid residence card of the family member or another document confirming they are family members of an EU citizen. The registration form must include a confirmation by the owner or another entity which has the legal title to the real estate that the person resides in the real estate, and the applicant must present a document which confirms the his/her legal title to the real estate, e.g. a civil law contract or an extract from the land and mortgage register. The process of registration may be completed in person or through a proxy. Furthermore, foreign nationals who have the trusted profile (eGo) may register electronically in the Electronic Services Platform of the Public Administration (Elektroniczna Platforma Usług Administracji Publicznej, ePUAP). Registration is free of charge. Upon registration, the PESEL number will be assigned as well.

Staying in Poland for up to 3 months – no obligation to register

EU or EFTA Member State citizens and their family members who are not citizens of these states may stay in Poland for up to 3 months without having to register their stay. While staying in Poland, such citizens are obliged to have a valid travel document or any other valid document which confirms their identity and nationality. Family members who are not EU or EFTA Member State citizens are obliged to have a valid travel document and a visa, if required.

Staying in Poland for longer than 3 months – obligation to register

An EU or EFTA Member State citizen may stay in Poland for a period longer than 3 months if:

  • he/she is employed or self-employed in Poland,
  • he/she has sufficient financial resources to support himself/herself and his/her family members in Poland, so that they are not a burden for the social security system, and is covered by universal health insurance, or is entitled to use health care services in accordance with the provisions on the coordination of social security systems, or has private health insurance which covers any and all expenditures which may be incurred during his/her stay in Poland,
  • he/she is a student or a trainee in a professional training and is covered by universal health insurance, is entitled to use health care services in accordance with the provisions on the coordination of social security systems, has private health insurance which covers any and all expenditures which may be incurred during his/her stay in Poland, and has sufficient financial resources to support himself/herself and his/her family members in Poland, so that they are not a burden for the social security system,
  • he/she is married to a Polish citizen,
  • he/she is a job seeker, in which case they may stay in Poland for up to 6 months without having to register, unless he/she can prove upon the lapse of the period that he/she continues to be an active job seeker and has real chances to take up employment.

If the stay in Poland is longer than 3 months:

  • an EU or EFTA Member State citizen must register his/her stay,
  • a family member of an EU or EFTA Member State citizen who is not a citizen of that state is obliged to obtain a residence card for family members of EU or EFTA Member State citizens, which in principle is issued for a period of 5 years (or a shorter period depending on the period of the intended stay of the EU citizen whom that family member joins or with whom that family member stays in Poland.

To register the stay in Poland or to obtain a residence card for family members of citizens EU or EFTA Member State citizens, an appropriate application with the required documents should be submitted to the Head of Province with appropriate jurisdiction over the place in which the EU citizen stays in Poland.

No fees are charged for registering the stay or issuing the residence card for family members of EU or of EFTA Member State citizens.

Right of permanent residence in Poland – applying for evidence documents

After 5 years of continuous residence in Poland, EU or EFTA Member State citizens acquire the right of permanent residence. Family members who are not citizens of these states acquire the right of permanent residence after 5 years of continuous residence in Poland together an EU or EFTA Member State citizen. Residence is deemed to be continuous if the person concerned has not left Poland for longer than 6 months during a year (in total). However, they may stay outside of Poland for a longer period due to mandatory military services or an important personal event, in particular pregnancy, delivery, illness, studies, vocational training or delegation, provided that the period does not exceed 12 consecutive months.

To obtain a document which confirms the right of permanent residence in Poland or to obtain a residence card for family members of EU or EFTA Member State citizens, an appropriate application with the required documents should be submitted to the Head of Province with appropriate jurisdiction over the place in which the EU citizen stays in Poland. Heads of Province issue the documents free of charge.

Refusal to register residence of an EU or EFTA Member State citizen or to issue a residence card for family members of EU or EFTA Member State citizens

The Head of Province refuses to register residence of an EU or EFTA Member State citizen or to issue a residence card for family members of EU or EFTA Member State citizens

if

  • the conditions for residence established in applicable provisions have not been met, or
  • the stay of the person concerned poses a threat to the defence or security of the state or to the protection of the security and public order, or
  • the marriage with the EU or EFTA Member State citizen has been made under false pretences.

The Head of Province is also a competent authority in the following matters: cancelling the registration of residence, replacing or issuing a new certificate on the registration of residence, issuing, replacing or cancelling a residence card for family members of EU or EFTA Member States citizens, and issuing, replacing or cancelling a document which confirms the right of permanent residence or the card of permanent residence for family members of EU or EFTA Member State citizens. An appeal against a decision of the Head of Province may be submitted to Head of the Office for Foreigners in Warsaw through the competent Head of Province. An appeal should be submitted in writing within 14 days from the receipt date of the decision.

 
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